italian destroyers ww2

At the Italian surrender in 1943, the Germans sunk the Quintino Sella and captured Francesco Crispi, renaming her TA15. The quality of a ship class depends very much on what it is supposed to be doing on a given assignment. Aug 28, 2017 - Explore Daniel Borg's board "Italian World War II tanks" on Pinterest. The Indomito class, which fixed the look of Italian destroyers prior WW1 and up to 1919 inaugurated a raised forecastle, heavier 4.7 in (120 mm) guns (in addition to the 3in/40), turbines and better boilers for a much faster speed of 35 knots (vs 28 with VTE engines on previous generations). Eritrea. The Semovente da 75/18 and the Semovente da 90/53 are noteworthy tank destroyers used by the Italians during the war. Author’s illustration of the Saetta, Freccia class. 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Solferino was captured at Souda (Crete) in September 1943 and became TA18 in 1944. If design only was a consideration, the Italians would win this match, with better looking, more modern ships. France. Italian destroyer Bersagliere (1938) Language; ... Bersagliere was one of nineteen Soldati-class destroyers built for the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) in the late 1930s and early 1940s. As completed, the anti-aircraft battery consisted of twelve machine guns. All were lost by early April 1941. The Fletcher class was a class of destroyers built by the United States during World War II.The class was designed in 1939, as a result of dissatisfaction with the earlier destroyer leader types of the Porter and Somers classes. Their top speed was indeed close to 42 knots on forced heat trials. Flying Heritage Collection's WW2 era German Hetzer tank destroyer shoots the 75 mm main gun. [9], The three squadrons of this class served in the Mediterranean, escorting north African convoys, laying offensive minefields, bombarding shore targets and screening the fleet. The Riboty survived the conflict and although offered to Russia in war damage, was refused and broken up in Italy in 1951. They were reclassified as destroyers in 1938. The first 12 were launched between 1937 and 1938, and the others in 1941-42. Kawakaze), Ardimentoso (ex. The Nullo was sunk in 1940, the Schiaffino in 1941 and the Bronzetti in 1945. Italian destroyer designs followed differing design paths. Ordered by the Italian Navy on 31 December 1915, at the same time as the 4 Palestros, but, owing... Poerio class destroyer leaders (1915). Our Archive section covers the history of early requirements for the Soviet heavy (large) tank. Main guns and torpedoes were all located along the centre-line, an improvement that allowed all guns to fire to both sides, although two turrets were placed amidships and could only fire to either side. Castelfidardo was Captured by the at Pireus in September 1943 by the Germans and was also renamed TA16, sunk by allied aircraft in June 1944 (also in the Aegean). In 1941, in the light of the first engagements, the Admiralty worked on a new type of destroyers intended to enter into service in 1943. They were renamed Teruel and Huesca and survived both the civil war and WW2, to be deactivated in the 1950s. Three were lost before the Italian surrender and one, Dardo, was captured by the Germans (renamed TA31). They were developments of the preceding Sella class, with a broader beam to allow for the greater weight of weaponry from that in the Sellas' original specification and some layout changes. Both served for most of the interwar before being transferred to the Spanish Nationalist Fleet (Armada) in 1939, being renamed, respectively, Melilla and Ceuta. 16 June – Italian destroyers sink British submarine HMS Grampus. A new style of bridge layout and structure was also introduced. During World War II, several programmes were started to upgrade weaponry, in particular anti-aircraft weapons, but none were applied uniformly to all ships in the class. See more ideas about armored vehicles, italian tanks, italian army. Soviet navy's destroyers were divided between the old WW1-era Novik type destroyers, the italian designed 1936 Gnevnyi class and the following proper Soviet classes like the Ognevoi which mirrored the American Gearing and left the fundations for the postwar Skoriy class. Italian Caproni’s, German Junkers 88’s, and Stukas bomb Tobruk to mercy. The guns were a new model (Ansaldo 1926 pattern, 50 calibre) and the mountings allowed 45° elevation. Comparisons being inevitable at this point, French and Italian designs diverged a lot however. They ended as the first ships to use twin rather than single mountings. They laid minefields and escorted convoys and were involved in actions against British operations off Rhodes and Crete. She lost her torpedo tubes and won 20 single 20 mm AA guns. Covering all major warship classes of the Second World War mainly looking at their intended pre-war role and what missions they actually performed. Soldier in foreground is carrying a bazooka. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. Turbine sacrificed her rear torpedo tube bank for two 37mm/54 AA guns. None of this class were ever launched, only nine were laid down. Italian destroyers were excellent and modern ships, well armed, capable to sustain continuous speeds of 33 to 34 knots at sea. They were doing well on the armament plan while being smaller. Poor stability and engine reliability were serious problems when the ships entered service and remedies were attempted which, in turn, led to fuel contamination. HMS Delhi (masts) 1:1800 WW2 naval cruiser $ 16.35. The only significant naval engagement between the two was the former Curtatone-class Catalafimi pitted against French cruisers and destroyer leaders in front of Genoa and Vado. The Oriani group, launched in 1936 and completed in 1937, were hardly different, except for the machine power, which allowed them a better speed. Italian Ostro destroyer WW2 1:3000 $ 16.00. [11], The four Folgores, commissioned between June and September 1932, were modified Freccias and they are sometimes included in that class as the "second group". Part of these were dating back from WW1, and were reclassified as torpedo-boats due to their range, tonnage and armement, while others, 1918 to 1921 destroyer leaders were almost light cruisers. 's board "WW2 Italian Armored Vehicles" on Pinterest. Take command of a meticulously reconstructed Fletcher-class destroyer and lead your crew against nazi U-boats in the Battle of the Atlantic! Ww2 Pictures Military Pictures Truck Transport Italian Army Tank Destroyer Ww2 Tanks Battle Tank Tank Design Military Weapons. [4][5], The four Sella class were enlarged Palestro class torpedo boats, commissioned in 1926/27 and displacing 1,500 tonnes. All were nimble, barely 800 tons in battle order, fully loaded. The result was slightly faster ships with greater range. All ships had two triple 21 inch torpedo tube mountings. 24 June – France falls to Germany. They came to a mixed bag of fates. The Turbine class (8 ships) was still very close to the previous Sauro/Sella, except for a larger size and displacement due to more powerful machinery, 2 propeller shafts connected to Parsons steam turbines, powered by three Thornycroft boilers for a total of 40,000 hp and a top speed of 36 knots. [14], Nineteen Soldati were built in two batches; twelve commissioned between August 1938 and May 1939 and the second batch of five between February and August 1942. This class of destroyer was pretty much the backbone of the WW2 Italian Regia Marina's destroyer forces. Their armament was upgraded from that of the preceding Mirabellos and the resultant additional topweight required increases in dimensions and displacement (2,690 tonnes[2]) and the machinery was also significantly uprated to maintain speed. The Regia Marina also operated some destroyers built for foreign navies, captured from either France or Yugoslavia. At the start of WW2, Italy had 56 destroyers, only 7 would be built before 1943. WW2 Italian Destroyers were still called cacciatorpediniere, “torpedo boat hunters”, the... Genesis: Early Italian destroyer development. Euro joined the Allies and was subsequently sunk off Leros. They formed, without a doubt, the backbone of the Italian navy right up to Italy’s surrender in late 1943. Italian cruisers are known for their accurate guns that carry special SAP shells that are very effective against small targets as well as the Exhaust Smoke Generator () that allow ambushing and flanking while moving at full speed carrying the smoke. They no longer had the excessive roll problems of the previous ones, and this allowed to re-equip them with heavier machines, more efficient in the end. Leone ran aground and was sunk by her sisters. Crispi covered the landing of an entire Italian division on Sitia, Crete, on 28 May 1941. Losses: Nembo, Ostro and Zeffiro torpedoed by British planes, Borea and Euro, by British and German bombs. The Navigatori class (12 ships, 1928-29) was meteoritic. German forces also recovered some Pz. These were the Turbine, Aquilone, Borea, Espero, Euro, Nembo, Ostro, and Zeffiro. Destroyer Bersagliere in 1942 (Soldati class), showing the “wavy dark grey pattern” alternative to the standard Mediterranean angular type camouflage. The Palestro were started first, in 1917, but were only completed after the war because of labor and materials shortages, at the Orlando shipyard in Livorno. However, years of service degraded these splendid performances, and in 1941, their top speed rarely exceeded 32 knots, quite a compehensive loss. A variant of a talk given at Flying Heritage Collection, the sequel to "Myths of American Armor." To the Soldati (1907, 9), succeeded the Indomito class (1912, 6), Ardito and Audace (1912-13, 4), Pilo (1915, 8), Sirtori (1916, 4), La Masa (1917-19, 8), postwar classes like the Generali (1921, 7). III destined for Italian divisions before the armistice.. They were originally ordered in parallel to the Palestro class destroyers, but delayed and suspended due to steel shortages. The Royal Navy and Commonwealth forces identified such warships as frigates, and that classification was widely accepted when the United States redesignated destroyer escorts as frigates (FF) in 1975. She was damaged by a British plane in August 1944, was repaired and then served until 5.11.1944 when she was sunk by an American aerial torpedo. Italy joined the war as one of the Axis Powers in 1940, as the French Third Republic surrendered, with a plan to concentrate Italian forces on a major offensive against the … In operations Italian DDs fought actively in many sub-theaters of operations and in many battles related to the “siege of Malta”, and convoy wars so severe one another links to North Africa where the bulk of the Italian Army and the Africa Korps targeted Egypt. On the other hand, the Sauro shared the same engine, a set of Parsons turbines fed by three Thornycroft boilers, for a top speed significantly higher than 35 knots. These ships were a further development of the Sella design, with a larger hull, significantly increased engine power and fuel storage. 21 June – Klopper surrenders Tobruk to the Afrika Korps. Caution is needed when considering the maximum speeds of Italian warships of this period, since Italian practice was to run the trials with ships as light as possible, often without armament. 14 June – French naval forces bombard Genoa and Vado. The standard AA artillery comprised Bofors-like 40 mm/39 guns, and pairs of 13.2 mm Breda heavy machine guns. By 1898, the first proper destroyer, Fulmine, was built, followed by the Lampo (1899, 6) and Nembo (1901, 6) classes, all active in WW1. The Italians used Thornycroft models built in Italy, of 380 and 450 mm. The latter managed to restart their construction, and in 1944 launched Commandante Margottini, which remained uncompleted but was eventually loaded with explosives in the port of La Speziato be scuttled. They also took over mine-laying and supply transport missions. Like the Curtatone, in 1938, they became torpedo boats. They displaced 1,625 tonnes,[2] with four 120mm guns and six 533 mm torpedo tubes. The class comprised the Calatafimi (1923), Castelfidardo (1922), Curtatone (1922) and Monzambano (1923). The remaining two were stationed in the Aegean for much of the war. Required fields are marked *. Pilo class, Audace II, Sirtori, La Masa, Palestro, and Generali classes all participated in WW2. The destroyers of the Sirtori classes (4 ships, 1917), and La Masa (8 ships, 1917-18-19), were assigned to the same tasks. [10], At the start of Italy's war, the four ships formed the 7th Squadron based at Taranto and they were at the Battle of Calabria. The operational areas for the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) were expected to be enclosed seas such as the Mediterranean, Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. The participation of Italy in the Second World War was characterized by a complex framework of ideology, politics, and diplomacy, while its military actions were often heavily influenced by external factors. Italy had many more subs and destroyers, so they would be favored to win naval conflicts over France. In the same logic that make Mussolini speaks of the “aircraft carrier Italy” (before eventually order the conversion of liners, that’s a story for another day), the very long coastal areas offers many opportunity of efficient intervention for ships smaller than regular destroyers, with a reduced range. They were reclassified as destroyers by 1940. The Oriani was transferred to France after the war, renamed D’Estaing, and removed from the lists in 1954. One ship, Fuciliere, had an Italian Gufo radar set installed in 1943.[16]. Before the end of the war, one ship, Oriani had German Seetakt radar and additional 20mm cannon. April 1 – Italian destroyer Lubiana (Former Yugoslav destroyer Ljubljana) is scuttled after it runs aground off Tunisia. WW2 Italian Destroyers Italy (1916-43) About 60 ships. They were successful units, robust, well armed and very stable. They carried 270 tons of fuel oil. The various successful engagements by Italian armored divisions are mainly due to the courage of the tank crews in aggressively engaging a superior force. Although the reputation of Italian military prowess has suffered from its performance in North Africa in World War II, blame cannot be placed with its warships nor with their crews. Da Recco was the only one of this class to survive the conflict, and was disarmed in 1954. They had a lot of different jobs. Despite the fact the concept of torpedo boat was arguably obsolete in 1940, the Italians sticked to it and was probably the only Nation to rely on them so heavily. Apart of the WW1-era destroyers reclassified as TBs, those we are talking about are 1930s to 1940s TBs, namely the 600 tons Spica class (1934) of 30 ships, the Pegaso class of 840 tons (1936, 1575 tons fully loaded, well beyond the Washington treaty limits) four ships, and wartime Ciclone class (1942, 16x 910 tons ships) and smaller Ariete class (1943, 16x 745 tons ships). The Palestro-derived designs Sella & Sauro classes (8, 1925) and Turbine class (8, 1927) combined shielded twin mounted for 4.7in (120 mm) guns, and went from two twin TT banks to to triple ones. And these figures suffered in wartime after heavy use. Displacement was increased thereby and speed significantly reduced. In the interwar, destroyer design progressed steadily. Sources/Read More Conway’s all the world’s fighting ships 1906-1921, 1922-1947italiandestroyers.comAlfredo Orianiwww.secondeguerre.netOn fr.naval-encyclopedia.comOn, Your email address will not be published. The AA armament was initially obsolete with six twin 13.2 mm machine guns, but increased to 8 x 20 mm guns in double mountings, then 10 to 12 in 1943. German S49) and seven destroyers of the Austro-Hungarian Tatra type, the best they ever launched. Nievo was the exception, being discarded in 1938. they were rearmed with two 102mm guns, six 20mm AA guns, four AA heavy machine guns, and keeping half of their torpedo tubes. One of the ship's features was 8 main battery guns placed in 4 twin mounts. The first destroyers to be built in Italy after the end of World War I, their design started at the end of the war, but was modified to incorporate some war lessons. As originally built, the class retained the older anti-aircraft fit of two 40mm and four 13.2mm guns. All were lost during the conflict, including two scuttled by the Germans. Three ships of this class were commissioned in 1916-17 as "exploratori", but one was lost in the Black Sea in 1920. See more ideas about italian army, italian tanks, world war ii. Rosolino Pilo during the war (hence the “RP” on its hull). The Italian Navy is laying the groundwork for a new DDX-type destroyer program, adding naval firepower for the country amid an increasingly volatile Mediterranean region. In 1938, they were given additional 13.2 mm Breda (.5 cal) heavy machine guns and in 1943, Augusto Riboty (Mirabello class) received additional 20 mm guns instead of four 102 mm guns. These “esploratori” also suffered from excessive rolling, solved by lowering their gangway and funnels, and placing 50 cm ballasts on each side of the hull. The Ciclone for example had a 4000 nautical miles range, and typically two 100 mm guns and four 450 mm TTs, but also eight 20mm AA guns and four deep-charge ASW throwers. From 10 June 1940 onwards the Regia Marina counted on sixteen Squadriglie Cacciatorpediniere or divisions. The Maestrale was sunk in November 19843 in the harbor of Genoa, and refloated, repaired by the Germans, damaged again, and refloated a second time in April 1945. [3], All three were part of the Italian Red Sea Flotilla at the start of Italy's war in June 1940, where they were employed to lay mine fields and to disrupt British convoys, without any success. It should be noted that many Italian DDs ended in German hands, as the Kriegsmarine desperately needed them for local operations. At the start of World War II, Italian destroyers (Italian: caccia-torpedinieri) were a mix of warships dating from old, World War I designs up to some of the most modern of their type in the world. A very large destroyer in comparison with her contemporaries, officially classified as a "light scout" for a long time. Despite this, Carlo Mirabello was mined and sank off the Greek coast near Cape Dukato in 1941. Destroyer Divisions 1 and 2 (Turbine-class), Division 3 (Red Sea, Sauro-class), Division 4 (Sella-class), Division 5 (Red Sea, Leone-class) Division 6 (Mirabello-class) Divisions 7, 8, 9, 10 (Freccia, Folgore, Oriani, Maestrale), Divisions 11, 12, 13 (Soldati-class), Divisions 14, 15, 16 (Navigatori-class). In Modern meaning, at least for the USN, a modern Destroyer is a Long range high speed escort surface warship meant to support convoy or task forces. It was the Comandanti Medaglie d’Oro class, which was characterized mainly by increased dimensions (120 meters long by 12.3 wide and 2900 tons at full load), a much better AA armament (13 x 37 mm shielded guns), and also main guns of 135 mm instead of 120 mm, in single turrets, and a reinforced hull. In practice by rough seas, 33 knots were more common. They were based at Taranto and also took part in the Battle of Calabria. The original anti-aircraft weaponry, consisting of mixtures of obsolete 40 millimetre Vickers cannon (designed in 1917) and 13.2 machine-guns was clearly inadequate by the start of Italy's war. And when speaking of TBs, MAS boats are more often cited. April 6 – Mussolini meets with Hitler in Austria. The class used two sizes of torpedoes, in two triple banks, each unusually composed of two 533mm (21 in) separated by one 450mm (17.7 in). The bulk of the actions occured with the more modern ships attached to the vital route between Italy and North Africa. Aside these, Italy also built in wartime impressive destroyer leaders: The three Alessandro poerio type (1216 tons, 1914), the three Mirabello class (1972 tons, 1915), the four Aquila (1733 tons, 1917-19), and the most impressive of them all, the postwar Leone class (2289 tons, 3 ships 1923-24). 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