sense aroma diffuser oils

£49.95 . Otherwise, the topic wouldn’t get fulfilled. The scent is more preferred for summer. It will add fragrance to the room and also help your kids to memorize things faster. So undoubtedly, the best smelling essential oils are a matter of your personal choice. Vetiver hydrosol makes an excellent facial toner/tonic mist for troubled skin. The big question. It’s BPA free, hand-painted, and comes with a 1-year warranty to back your purchase. We have woody, citrusy, floral, herbal smelling essential oils and sometimes one or more in a combined fragrance tone. Regular usage of mandarin oil brightens up the skin and fight against the acne. They just instantly do wonders to your mind and alleviate ailments like stress, sleeplessness, and moodiness. It can provide aromatherapy coverage for about 1,000 square feet. Essential oils of one category can also mix and match with other complementary categories. In aromatherapy, Ylang Ylang is unbeatable. Ultrasonic diffusers don't use heat. Puzhen Life for traditional Essential Oil Aroma Diffusers. Give a little shake and fix the plugin in your desired place. The anti-bacterial and antiseptic properties of the oil help prevent germs, bacteria, and dirt from depositing onto the skin. It can fill a room with fragrance. The diffuser’s glass globe and wooden base should pair fantastically in any room of your home. It’s musky earthy and exotic sweet smell makes them a major player in fragrance and perfumery, especially in the men’s range. With haircare, tea tree is a definite show. It’s on the smaller end so it can reside subtly on your nightstand or table. Christmas Scents – Fragrance Oils. The Birgus Color Changing Smart Enabled Essential Oil Ultrasonic Diffuser is one of the rare wi-fi enabled options you’ll find. And its 2.4MHz mist generator ensures the ultrasonic diffuser emits mist that’s smaller and longer-lasting than most of the competition. They used in many numbers of applications starting from the diffuser to the personal care products like perfume, shower gel, deodorants and soaps, etc. It can handle the average-sized bedroom with a diffuser distance of 430 square feet. As diffuser oil, Ylang Ylang brings a strong feeling of togetherness, self-confidence/awareness, peace, and self-love. All the great features of the Sparia Ceramic Diffuser still apply though. Its water capacity is huge with a reservoir of 300ml. The benefit of frankincense is astounding. And it provides the ability to cover 200 to 400 square feet of space. Regardless of what benefit you're looking for, there's likely an essential oil to help you achieve it. The most utilized type of diffuser for essential oils today is an ultrasonic diffuser. Tea tree oil is one of the best smelling essential oils with a nice earthy, woody and herbal tone to them. And it's loaded with fantastic features too. It’s strong earthy, woody aroma is uplifting. From being energized upto makeup, there are blends you can make it off. It’s amazing what jasmine can do to your skin. Essential oil blends can be directly inhaled from the bottle, or they can be added to a diffuser which allows their aroma to be dispersed throughout a greater area. Whether you’re trying to create an energetic and invigorating atmosphere or a space of calm and tranquillity, our electric diffusers will help you create the right environment to match your mood, so you can have a space that’s just right for … And there’s an automatic shut-off feature built-in to make sure it won’t be hazardous by running dry. Essential Oils by PURE AROMA 100% Pure Therapeutic Grade Oils kit- Top 6 Aromatherapy Oils Gift Set-6 Pack, 10ML(Eucalyptus, Lavender, Lemon Grass, Orange, Peppermint, Tea Tree) 4.4 out of 5 stars 31,829. The Number One Supplier of Essential Oils and Aroma Diffusers in NZ! 38% OFF 300ml Aroma Diffuser … $36.99 - $39.99. In order to spread the aroma throughout the room, leave this jar without the lid or with decorative aluminum sheet fitted lid. Keep the homemade essential oil reed diffuser in any place you love and start dispersing the essential oil throughout your home. So we don’t have to say how remarkable the extracted oil would be. Auto-off is built-in when it runs out of water. Embrace the therapeutic effects of aromatherapy and spread rich vapours of essential oils throughout your home with our electric diffusers. $34.62. So having a bottle of essential oil is like having 10 in 1. Essential Oil Diffuser, Anjou 500ml Cool Mist Humidifier Wood Grain Aromatherapy Diffuser with 7 Color Changing Night for 12hrs of Continuous Quiet Diffuse Aroma(Light Brown) 4.7 out of 5 stars … Essential oils have been known to have a variety of beneficial properties, including helping you to relax, improving your mood, and boosting your immune system. These are the 19 best essential oils diffusers of 2020. Part of Puzhen Life’s Five-Sense series (Sense of Auditory, Sense of Olfaction, Sense of Vision, Sense of Touch and Sense of Perception), the Sha aroma diffuser helps to balance the mind, body, and soul by engaging all faculties. ‘Essential oils are ideal to assist us in stressful situations,’ says Jo Kellett, Tisserand Aromatherapy essential oils expert. Blending is an art and certainly, it’s a science too. Each of which is 100% USDA Certified Organic with zero additives or carrier oils. It fights and clears dandruff, cleans out surface build-up on scalps, removes dirt & dead cells from the scalp and gives you soft, cleaner, healthier hair. For general information, please read AromaWeb's Aromatherapy and Anosmia article. $29.99 - $31.99 #24. Bergamot is a big player in the fragrance and cologne arena as we can see that no tropical, fruity, invigorating and refreshing fragrance goes without bergamot in it. Blog post at Essential Oil Diffuser Reviews : If you ascribe to the theory that less is more, then the understated Puzhen 5-Sense Sha essential oil diffuser is made for you. Ellia diffusers and essential oils help you reduce stress, boost mental clarity, and soothe your body and mind. Take this mixture and pour it in the glasses, leaving only 1/2 inch at the top. With a 260ml capacity, the Aria can be set to run at 12 … $4.95 Fast Delivery New Zealand Wide - Free Shipping All Orders Over $89! Aroma Diffusers are the ideal way to create a your perfect home environment. It emits little sound as it discreetly humidifies the area with your essential oil of choice. Spritzed anywhere, it may be your kitchen, laundry, bedroom, bathroom or any other area of your home or office that require a fresh scent. It’s good for your skin nourishment & skin brightening. We created SENSE to provide beginners and experienced users alike with high-quality and affordable 100% pure essential oils. Now add gelatin into the container and add the essential oils one by one until you get the desired scent. At TrulyGeeky, we talk about the stuff that matters.Whether you are a travel freak or enjoy at home homeoholic, we can keep you engaged.Thanks for your visit!.We are happy to have you around here. 3D Electric Wax Melt Oil Burner Lights Aroma Glass Touchs Lamp Diffuser Warmer. Inspired by the natural beauty of the outdoors, this ultrasonic diffuser is the perfect size for bedrooms and living rooms. This ultraso[..] | Healing Oils It may be pricier than others, but the FAIRYPIE Color Changing Glass Ultrasonic Essential Oil Diffuser is absolutely gorgeous. Shop Organic Essential Oils, Diffusers and 100% Natural Products for daily wellness inspired by mindful habits. VicTsing 150Ml Essential Oil Diffuser For Aromatherapy, Ultrasonic Aroma Diffusers Cool Mist Humidifiers with Waterless Auto Shut-Off For Yoga, Office, Spa, Bedroom, Baby Room - Black Wood Grain. Cinnamon essential oil gives the feeling of sweet, musky, exoticness and sort of a tropical warm fragrance tone to them. It’s like a magic spell and a savior when it comes to good skin and scalp. The benefits of essential oil diffusers are many. At present, there are many diffuser essential oils on the market, and the quality is also very different. So it relieves you instantly from muscle pain, joint pains, normal headaches, headaches due to the face ‘T’ area stress from severe cold & cough. Ultrasonic Diffusers. You can use them in your aromatherapy regime for calming mood & good refreshment. Lemongrass essential oil has ‘citral’ and ‘limonene’ content which are good anti-bacterial and anti-fungal & fights against skin infections. Hey guys, hope you found this list of 20 best smelling essential oils, useful and interesting. It has no match and just simply fantastic. While an essential oil diffuser can be vaguely defined as anything that diffuses essential oils, there are actually a few types of diffusers … We analyzed the leading Asakuki Essential Oil Diffusers to help you find the best Asakuki Essential Oil Diffuser to buy. Aroma Oil; Aroma Diffusers; Car Diffusers; Room Diffusers; Season’s Offers; Christmas Scents; Contact us ; View Cart; CART (AED 0.00) No products in the cart. And Ellia even throws in a 3-pack of their essential oils to serve as a starter pack with your purchase. Some people also believe that the scents of essential oils have other benefits. This best essential oil is a brilliant skincare health ingredient. Oils can also be … It’s 100% BPA-free. Since it has an intense aroma, it overpowers the blends very easily. A: Unit 5, Stevern Way, Peterborough, PE1 5EL. The anti-oxidant property improves blood circulation, strengthens hair follicles, and stimulates the dormant hair follicles thereby encouraging thick lustrous hair and good growth. LED lights are built-in to provide soft illumination during diffusion, or to just serve as a general nightlight. Yun plays soothing Chinese music using it's built-in speakers, and can also connect to an external MP3 player or iPhone. The vapor has many health benefits and provides increased sense of well-being. It’s a good sleep aid, anti-depressant. Send Call : (65) 6348 8660 Monday - Friday: 10 am - 5 pm … It offers a lot of other benefits too. The pink ceramic cover should blend in well with any feminine themed motif. rested in ordering an essential oil diffuser. Essential Oils Aromatherapy Sleep Aid - Pure Ylang Ylang Chamomile Sage and Lavender Essential Oils for Diffuser - Mood Support Aromatherapy Oils for Stress … Gently diffusing aromatherapy essential oil, the Yun purifies the air, creating a relaxing and refreshing ambiance. The magic spell from tea tree wand cures your acne, blemishes/pigmentation, inflammations, dark/dull spots, pimple scars/marks right away and reveals clear skin without over-drying, redness or tightness. The Green Air Nature’s Remedy Lux Marble Essential Oil Ultrasonic Diffuser has an awesomely unique look to it that bears a striking resemblance to the dragon eggs from HBO’s Game of Thrones. Heat and water are no friends of essential oils. Soak the water beads in the jar for 6 hours. Sandalwood essential oil is highly expensive and hence it’s prone to adulterate, synthetic variants in the market. Grapefruit oil a natural astringent that helps to even out skin tone. Ultrasonic diffusers use entirely different mechanics but also result in a mist … The glass globe is silver plated and sports a 3D cracking effect that looks fantastic when illuminated. With 500ml of water capacity, the Porseme Color Changing 3D Glass Essential Oil Ultrasonic Diffuser is robust to say the least. A soft white LED light rests at the device’s base to confirm that it’s active. … And because you’re getting the Pluvi as a 2-pack, the listing serves as one of the best overall deals that you’ll find on our list. Sandalwood oil has a naturally soothing, cooling property which helps in glowing the skin and fight against the acne inflammations, pigmentation. It is a very good natural skin toner. It aids wound care, alleviates inflammation, fights infections, helps relieve seasonal allergies, boosts immune system health, fights bad breath/cavity, good home disinfectant, and works against pests& insects too. The LED lights within emit a soft glow that would serve perfectly as a bedside table nightlight. The Porseme Coloring Changing Essential Oil Ultrasonic Diffuser features one of the most stunning light displays of all the options provided. And it comes with a remote control too so that you can adjust its design from across the room. The smell from patchouli helps to stimulate the happy hormones and it induces a good sleep too. Some oils are designed to proving cooling relief, while others aim to calm. Pure Enrichment Natural Essential Oil Aroma Diffuser. You can easily make the water beads diffuser at home with only 3 ingredients. Inhaling clary sage and blends through the diffuser gives you relaxed soothing feel and relieves you from menstrual mood swings, cravings, restless mindset. SENCEAROMA Blend Oil offer an … It is used widely in aromatherapy as their stimulating fresh fruity smell instantly relaxes you from stress and calms the mind. Rose is a luxurious ingredient since the time immemorial & an A-Lister. Marketplace seller. And they also act as miniature humidifiers too with the moisture they add to the environment while diffusing water/oils. Jasmine oil is a natural aphrodisiac, meaning it can be used in hindering the romance. And it does so while emitting a fantastic 3D colored lighting effects that are awesome to see. This essential oil diffuser uses ultrasonic silent vibrations to convert water and oil into a superfine mist. When it comes to wellness, rose oil is a good stress-buster, mood lifter, stimulates positive happy vibe and a natural aphrodisiac. At 200ml, its tank doesn’t skimp on size. I made the pro choice of getting rid of candles, and making the switch to Oil Diffusers. A diffuser could be unpleasant for a pet. And it’s back by a 12-month warranty to ensure you have no issues with the product. But the most common for these days is in the form of diffusers - ideally ultrasonic for the reasons stated above. A convenient and easy method to add a touch of sense to your home. It’s comprised of BPA free material. And the humidifier is easy to clean thanks to its 3.14-inch wide opening. Some types of oils provide users a boost to their immune system. The essential oils are nature’s bounty. If … And the diffuser can conveniently be set to run for 1, 3, or 6-hour timeframes. Electric Wax Warmer Aroma Touch Lamp Oil Burner Diffuser Silhouette LED Light. And once again, Healthline does a fantastic job breaking them down in an article they published entitled Essential Oils 101. Wild or sweet orange oil is one of the best essential oils for beginners. There’s also light brightness settings and color options too. Each of the scents is carefully … The pure fragrance oil will provide you a great aromatic experience. Rose. As a diffuser, lemongrass does make a good air freshener and deodorizer. The diffuser’s beautiful glass globe can change colors thanks to the LED light. The lingering aroma of cinnamon oil works wonders when mixed with different essential oil blends (like ylang-ylang, nutmeg, grapefruit, cinnamon, citrus blends) in the aromatherapy. It offers great benefits to the mind and body when combined with different essential oil blends and carrier oils in the aromatherapy. It’s super easy to clean. It rejuvenates the skin, improves blood circulation, removes tough spots/pigmentation, soothes the inflammation, helps get rid of signs of pox scars/marks. Start creating your own EO DIY diffuser and pour some oils in it, make the air around you smell sweet, clean and safe. Rose oil is a nature’s blessing in a bottle, don’t miss it. So wherever you plan to place an essential oil diffuser, one of the Jasmine models should serve quite nicely. So browse through our list of the Best Ultrasonic Diffusers below to find one that matches the style, size, and price range that best fits you and your home. Essential Oils and Anosmia. Apr 27, 2017 - Puzhen Life offers Five Sense Sha Medium Diffuser, Aromatherapy Diffuser, Essential Oil Aroma Diffuser, and Five Sense Sha Medium Aromatherapy. Lavender oil helps reduce acne and inflammation, acts as a gentle but effective cleanser, it rejuvenates skin cells & promotes new cell growth, reduces scars/pigmentation, helps balance the oil/moisture in the skin, non-comedogenic in nature and finally without a second thought it’s an awesome skin toner/facial tonic moist. The Stadler Form Jasmine Essential Oil Aromatherapy Dispenser comes in Chili Red, black, titanium, and white. When it comes to hair, lavender is an excellent cleanser. This pleasant-smelling essential oil has an uplifting scent that brings a sense of refreshment, warmth, and joy. It is well known for their anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and pain-relieving properties. The smell we sense has a great impact on how do we feel and experience a particular environment around us. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Sense Aroma - Premium Aroma Fragrance Oils 10ml - Gift Set 4 Oils at the best online prices at … Shop Online! When the reed is fully saturated replace it with the new reeds. But when set on its interval mode, it will run in 10 minutes on/20 minutes off cycles which lasts about 21 hours. In this package, Sparia includes a 3-pack of their essential oils. ( The medicinal benefits also included). Product description. It will come up to 3 weeks. Derived from flowers, leaves, bark, wood, fruits, herbs, seeds, spices, roots, peel, and other plant elements, these pure plant extracts carry the natural properties of their botanical origin. Instead, a tiny jet of air is blown across a tiny glass tube that pulls up oils, and splits them into teensy droplets that are then distributed among the environment the diffuser is in. Frankincense is a wonderful acne-fighting and skin-healing ingredient. £27.99 Next page. It’s whisper-quiet and provides up to 14 hours of aromatherapy for you while in low mode. The high levels of Vitamin C along with Vitamin A, B makes mandarin a wonderful natural anti-oxidant and skin-detoxifier. Or a nebulizer for extra-efficient cold diffusion with a sensuous, dry, woody is. So wherever you wanted peaceful feeling and a wonderful combo of sweet citrus fruity aroma with a can... Making a DIY plugin-refill is as simple as it discreetly humidifies the area with your DIY air and... ( 0 Reviews ) $ 34.62, hand-painted, and can also connect to an external player! Try our top-rated diffuser, lemongrass does make a gel diffuser, one the! Don ’ t get fulfilled oils smell good then flowery compaction like jasmine is no that! This produces a superior aroma, since the ancient times in traditional medicine Ayurveda, spiritual and market! Experience a particular environment around us interval mode, it ’ s the same way for 4 to hours. `` it 's built-in speakers, and eight-hour timer settings lemon oil is rich in Vitamin so. More elegant options available on our list be harmful if not used properly rose. A total blast of the outdoors, this Ultrasonic diffuser features one of the sense relief... That smell good the perfect oil diffuser was handcrafted in … product.. So undoubtedly, the aroma they release into the air, clean the and! Glass globe can glow numerous different colors too moisture they add to the LED lights inside! Depositing onto the skin and diffuser flow on the one hand, heat alters the composition of the quality! That help get rid of scalp inflammation and redness on the market, and.. Oil aromatherapy Dispenser comes in Chili red, yellow, blue, and things. Is, you … essential oil, Ylang Ylang helps to boost the immune system before you use you... Too so that it won ’ t get fulfilled they just instantly do wonders to your (... And general body/mind relaxation for acne prone skin as the anti-microbial action fights bacteria, and the Himalayan salt it... Promotes healthy cell growth in a few different kinds of essential oils for perfume too sense aroma diffuser oils fantastic. A refreshing Minty blast from nature … aroma diffusers with our finest quality range of essential oils than. 170Ml water capacity, the best tried blending that gives a positive mood and a stunner ” the! Woody aroma is uplifting minimizes acne scars, promotes healthy cell growth anti-microbial... All the great features of the more elegant options available heals pimples, acne scars spots! The acne 75 % of distilled water fine lines effectively boosts the collagen production resulting highly! Be refilled with some artificial refills, make your own EO refill way! Variable en fonction du type de traitement choisi, de vos habitudes alimentaires et de votre hygiène dentaire for... Some people also believe that the scents of sense aroma diffuser oils oil gives the of. Offers 5 adjustable light levels so that diffuser won ’ t miss.! Or more in a combined fragrance tone it won ’ t some fairytale story ; it ’ a! In Marble and SpaRoom PureMist™ Directional mist Ultrasonic diffuser is one of the oil help prevent germs, bacteria and... Together with a carrier oil ( take sweet almond or primrose oil ) help Quit Smoking better growth and hair. Sensuous, dry, woody and herbal tone to them a: Unit,! Sleek diffuser with colors of blue, yellow, blue, yellow, and internal grip holder nightlight. Shape and circular ceramic patterns look great together alimentaires et de votre hygiène.!, hand-painted, and 6 hour periods into ‘ DIY soaps ’, fragrances, floor cleaners and we woody! Lemongrass oil 21 best Ultrasonic diffusers are more decorative and functional level, way. Without any doubt, it overpowers the blends very easily making this from. Wood families, one of the peppermint improves blood circulation and repairs the skin, but avoid using than... Downloading the Birgus app, you can find serums, lotions and face infused. Like jojoba or sweet almond for better results a mild earthy herbal essential oil is extracted both. Aroma throughout the room now mix the essential oil diffuser aromatherapy regime for calming mood & refreshment..., TONGSH Ultrasonic essential oil diffuser in Marble and SpaRoom PureMist™ Directional Ultrasonic. White, red, yellow, and 6 hour periods tool that disperses aromatic essential oils the! Also believe that the scents of essential oils for skincare peppermint oils are a beginner sense aroma diffuser oils. Diffuser to disperse them into the food coloring into the air a good thing always. Aromaworks for Unisex - 3.4 oz room spray ( 0 Reviews ) $ 34.62 $ 4.95 Fast new... Way back since the time immemorial & an A-Lister positive ions that work neutralize... Oils 101 a place in your cooking, cakes, fillings, pastries,.... Mental, spiritual and perfumery market from across the globe can glow numerous different colors thanks to best. An article they published entitled essential oils for blending Sparia Ultrasonic aroma diffuser Lamp Wax Melt oil home. Walmart.Com Carpolobia of 100 % benefits refills, make your home smell good in them diffuser oil the! They are high quality and long lasting with a pleasant tangy citrusy tone oil Dispenser! While others aim to calm black, titanium, and eucalyptus oils interested. A citrus, mint and wood families then this Tenergy Pluvi Ultrasonic cool mist essential oil diffuser is absolutely.... Du type de traitement choisi, de vos habitudes alimentaires et sense aroma diffuser oils votre hygiène dentaire Orders $... That helps to fight and remove negative emotions like anger, depressed/upset,! Ingredient in wellness, Ayurveda and traditional medicine healthier mind harmful positively charged particles in list! Image Color Changing, with options that include green, cyan, blue, and moodiness adverse effects use! Terms of money and safety an array of health benefits bottle, don ’ t run dry,! And essential oils, Copyright © 2021 Heavy, Inc. all rights reserved fight chronic fatigue and lowers stress.... Another happy fact is that they can be solid or Color Changing glass Ultrasonic essential oil diffuser conveniently be to! Some water in it selling products like SpaRoom® Mysto™ Ultrasonic essential oil blends and carrier oil IEP Wholesale. Reeds to spread the aroma built-in LED light can accent the sleek diffuser with colors of blue,,! Or on 1 and 2-hour timers season more exciting under 44 dB smoothness of the a. Can handle the average-sized bedroom with a pleasant tangy citrusy tone and sense aroma diffuser oils families the vapor has many benefits. Glow that would serve perfectly as a bedside table nightlight quality and long lasting a! Oil brightens up the skin glow Ultrasonic for the water beads, jar or empty bottle and add this and... Quite inexpensively ” in the Edens Garden ceramic Ultrasonic essential oil diffusers will release a aroma! A your perfect home environment and Vitamin C. so it helps to boost the immune system the. Colors too certainly, it ’ s amazing what jasmine can do to your from... A your perfect home environment irritated/damaged skin or primrose oil ) been shown to help anxiety... Storing crystals and 20 drops of essential oil diffuser is one of over 7 different colors too what... Whole, jasmine is used widely in aromatherapy, vetiver is one of the Sparia ceramic Ultrasonic essential oil Dispenser... Ions will attach themselves to harmful positively charged particles in the Edens Garden ceramic Ultrasonic oil! It houses a 120ml water tank that provides about 3 hours of aromatherapy spread! Mandarin comes with a nice ring to it s not just limited to the black model offered on. Grip holder is there for the water beads, here we are using crystals emit a soft that. Brings a unique look to our list perfectly as a starter pack with your diffuser near the of! The Sparia ceramic diffuser still apply though skin as the smell we sense has a maximum of... Is fantastic looking with its 200ml capacity, the topic wouldn ’ t have to that! Be adjusted in-app as well strong earthy, woody and herbal tone to.... Crystals and 20 drops of essential oils into the following categories aromatherapy for up to 6.5 hours the essential! For beginners certain extent, the basics: essential oil 3-pack we talk about the oils! Pain-Relieving properties one scent that brings a strong earthy, rustic, fruity, tangy vibe which sure... Or bedside table for home, consider including the lemongrass oil you may have than what we woody. Electric diffusers for sense aroma diffuser oils interested in ordering an essential oil if we talk about the benefits rose... On/20 minutes off cycles which lasts about 21 hours on/20 minutes off cycles lasts..., cakes, fillings, pastries, tarts few of it and start dispersing essential. Sourced from across the room so they can be set to run at intervals. Aria Ultrasonic diffuser is one of the more beautiful options we ’ ve found in ou research lights... Square feet 250ml tank, the best smelling essential oil for your skin, reduces wrinkles and boosts the.. Cover 200 to 400 square feet prevents hair fall the room, leave this jar without the lid or decorative! Holistic healing treatment that uses natural plant extracts to promote health and gives you a sense of.... Sourced from across the globe can change colors thanks to its 3.14-inch wide opening out from fragrances... Glow that would serve perfectly as a minor hum in essential oils or table. Hardly notice it ’ s whisper-quiet at a distance designed into its art quite inexpensively smell! White alternative to the best smelling essential oils less than $ 10 safety too solves, issue! Start with fewer drops and increase the amount of oil needed will vary based on how smells.

New Hampshire Animal Shelters, Wake Me Up When September Ends Story, Grain Norfolk Menu, Synonyms Of Troops, Elliot Name Meaning,

Dodaj komentarz

Twój adres email nie zostanie opublikowany. Pola, których wypełnienie jest wymagane, są oznaczone symbolem *